For sustaining a sluggish over-rate against South Africa in the first Test at Centurion, India has been penalised 20% of their match money. The fine was handed by Andrew Pycroft of the Emirates ICC Elite Panel of Match Referees after India fell one over short of the objective when time allowances were taken into account. Players are penalised 20% of their match costs for each over if their team fails to bowl in the allocated time, according to Article 2.22 of the ICC Code of Conduct for Players and Player Support Personnel, which deals with minimum over-rate offences.

“Failure by a fielding team participating in an International Match to meet the Minimum Over Rate requirements contained in Appendix 2 constitutes a “Minimum Over Rate Offence” under this Code of Conduct by each of the Players in that fielding team,” according to Article 2.22 of the ICC Code of Conduct for Players and Player Support Personnel.

Furthermore, according to Article 16.11 of the ICC Men’s World Test Championship Playing Conditions, a team is docked one point for each over they fail to complete. As a result of this offence, India will lose one point from their total.

The text of Article 16.11 is as follows:

16.11.1 Any team that fails to meet the minimum over rate as stated in 12.9 shall be penalized one penalty over for each full over it fails to meet the minimum over rate requirement.

16.11.2 For each Penalty Over during the Round Stage, a team’s total points will be reduced by one (1) World Test Championship competition point.

There was no need for a formal hearing since captain Virat Kohli pleaded guilty to the charge and accepted the recommended sentence. The allegation was brought by umpires Marais Erasmus, Adrian Holdstock, Allahudien Paleker, and Bongani Jele. India won the first Test by 113 runs to take a 1-0 lead in the three-match series. After starting the endeavour in 1992, the squad has yet to win a series in South Africa. Since then, the squad has lost six series and drawn one under various leaderships. India lost the most recent series (in 2018) 1-2 under Virat Kohli. The next test will take place in Johannesburg on January 3rd.